Category: Nigerian Music

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History Of Hip-hop Music in Nigeria

Nigeria is sometimes known as Naija. Afro hip hop in Nigeria dates back to the late 1980s and early 1990s. The first place where hip-hop gained popularity in Nigeria was in Lagos, Nigeria. During this period (the 1980s) Nigeria was under military rule. This period of military rule triggered a crisis in Nigeria that resulted in currency devaluation, job loss, and permanent unemployment, especially for new University graduates. Hip-hop at the time was used by young people as a way to escape the crisis in the country.

He became popular using Nigerian languages ​​in song lyrics as well as traditional hip hops rhythms, such as those created by his father’s founders of hip hop, DJ Kool Herc, Afrika Bambata, and Grandmaster Flash. Since there were too few record labels at the time to hire a new musician, the young people decided to create their own music with a very small budget. The music videos were very simple, not big or expensive. The availability of cheap computers and music editing software in the late 1990s and the first decade of the 21st century allowed Nigerian musicians to make better quality recordings that quickly won over the Nigerian public. It was a very cheap way to make music, and new Nigerian hip-hop music was making music and selling it on CD.

It was a way for young people to become independent from the government by being lucrative and creating jobs for themselves because the government did not help them.

Hip-hop was used at the time for entertainment, but also to criticize the government and demand change. Solo bands and artists from this period include Junior & Pretty, Daniel ‘Danny’ Wilson, Plantashun Boiz, Remedies with members Eedris Abdulkareem, Eddy Remedy, and Tony Detail. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, there was an explosion of artists and groups, many of whom returned from the Western diaspora, such as Trybesmen’s eLDee da Don, Madarocka, and S.O.U.R.C.E. Clik, Naeto C de W.F.A and Europa, JJC, and Team 419 became part of mainstream Nigerian music after the collapse of pop trends like Yo-pop. These emerging artists in Nigeria began to localize hip-hop and create songs in English and any other Nigerian language as a means of self-expression, thus making Nigerian hip hop multilingual. Just as Nigerian Nollywood films made Western films, Nigerian hip-hop began to replace popular Western music. Musicians like Eedris Abdulkareem started creating multilingual hip-hop music, and the lyrics were mostly in English, pidgin English and other Nigerian languages ​​such as Yoruba, Igbo, and Hausa.

History of Afrobeat Music in Africa

Afrobeat began in Ghana in the early 1920s 20. During this time, Ghanaian musicians incorporated foreign influences such as foxtrot and calypso with Ghanaian rhythms such as osibisaba (Fante). Highlife was associated with the local African aristocracy during the colonial period and was performed by many bands, including the Jazz Kings, the Cabe Coast Sugar Babies, and the Accra Orchestra along the coast. Nigeria then joined the Afrobeat wave in the late 1960s, led by Fel Kuti, who experimented with a variety of contemporary music of the time.

Upon arriving in Nigeria, Kuti also changed the name of his group to “Africa ’70”. The new sound came from a club he founded called Africa Shrine. The group maintained a five-year stay at the Shrine of Africa from 1970 to 1975, while Afrobeat flourished among Nigerian youth. In 1969, Kuti and her group embarked on a trip to the United States and met Sandra Smith, a singer, and former Black Panther. Sandra Smith (now known as Sandra Isadore) introduced Box to many writings by activists such as Martin Luther King Jr., Angela Davis, Jesse Jackson, and her greatest influence, Malcolm X.

Because Kuti was interested in African-American politics, Smith kept him informed of the news. In return, Kuti would educate her about African culture. Since Kuti stayed with Smith and spent so much time with her, she began to rethink her music. It was then that Fela Kuti realized he wasn’t playing African music. Since that day, Kuti has changed the sound and message behind his music. The name came in part from an attempt to distinguish Fela Kuti’s music from the soul music of American artists like James Brown. His and Lagbay’s music is dominated by indigenous harmonies and rhythms from Nigeria, which take different elements and combine, modernize and improvise them.

Politics is paramount to Afrobeat, as founder Kuti used social criticism to pave the way for social change. Their message can be described as conflicting and controversial, which may be related to the political climate of most African countries in the 1970s, many of whom faced political injustice and military corruption as they recovered from the transition of colonial governments into a car. determination. As the genre spread across the African continent, many groups adopted the style. Recordings of these bands and their songs have rarely been heard or exported outside their countries of origin, but many are now on compilation albums and CDs in specialty record stores.

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